JEWISH HERITAGE IN KIEV

Jews left an impressive mark in Kiev history and made and invaluable contribution to the development of our city. For more than 1,000 years already Kiev hosts Jewish community and its prominent representatives – Lazar Brodsky, who donated into building Polytechnic Institute, Besarabsky market, the Synagogue and other famous Kiev constructions; Golda Meir - Israel's president – was born in Kiev; Sholem Aleichem created his immortal works in our capital.

And of course we can’t forget the infamous mass murder of Jews during World War II. During the tour, tourists will visit Brodsky synagogue and Babi Yar memorial, learn about the history of the Jewish community in Kiev and its colossal contribution in culture, architecture and spirit of our city

Jewish heritage in Lviv

Until World War II around 140000 Jews resided in Lviv. They were scientists and men of art, lawyers and writers, actors and journalists – people well-known throughout Europe. Unfortunately currently we can witness only ruins of Jewish heritage in Lviv. Historical Jewish quarter still preserves the remains of Golden Rose synagogue which was built Renaissance style in 1582.

Jewish heritage in Odessa

The old humorous proverb, "Who isn’t a Jew in Odessa!" is actually not far from the truth! At the times of Russian Empire Odessa was the second city with largest Jewish population after Warsaw, and the third in the world (New York was at the first place). Jewish heritage in some way is Odessa’s hallmark. There are lots of places in Odessa that have connections with Judaism, Jewish culture and history. These are synagogues, monuments, hospitals (founded by Jews), etc. Some of them are just memorable places, but others, especially synagogues, are still in use, namely the Synagogue "Shomrey Shabbat"; Main Choral Synagogue, "Brodsky" synagogue, Hebrew University, The Synagogue of kosher meat cutters, Holocaust Museum, place where 22000 Jews and other Odessa citizens were murdered by the Nazis in 1941, the Jewish ghetto in Slobodka, Jewish hospital, Museum of Jewish History, Jewish Cultural Center, Jewish cemeteries.

Grave of Rabee Hakhman in Uman

Today, the majority of tourists visit the grave of Tzadik Rabbi Nachman of Breslov, which is located in Uman (250 km from Kyiv). Especially during major Jewish holidays, such as Rosh Hashanah, the tomb of Rabbi Nachman, becomes a place of pilgrimage. This tradition lasted until the mid-1920s and was revived in the late 80s of the last century. One of the largest synagogues in Europe, capable to accommodate up to 6,000 pilgrims, is built near Rabbi Nachman’s grave.

Chernivtsy – “Ukrainian Jerusalem”

This city is considered to be the "most Jewish" city in Ukraine. Among the most spectacular sights - University of Chernivtsy – one of the most unique architectural buildings in Europe (protected by UNESCO), Theatre Square, the Jewish National House, Jewish museum covering the history of Chernivtsy from the XVIII century and the rich Jewish history in this area as well, Monastery (former main synagogue in Chernivtsy), Central Square, the only functioning Jewish school in Chernivtsy and at the same time one of the first educational institutions in Ukraine, Drama Theatre, Turkish area, "street of the three synagogues", located in the heart of ghetto, where the Jewish hospital and the former Jewish school are also situated.




Berdichev

Berdichev hosts old, now abandoned, Jewish cemetery. In the XIX century Berdichev was the largest Jewish center in Ukraine and one of the largest in Europe. It was called Volyn Jerusalem. More than 50,000 Jews resided here. During post-war years of the twentieth century, the number of Jews in Berdichev dropped significantly, but still Berdichev is now a special city for Jews from all over the world.





Grave of Baal Shem Tov

To the north of Medzhibozh town, the old Jewish cemetery has turned into a tourist attraction, primarily for Hasidic Jews making the pilgrimage to the grave of the Baal Shem Tov. The oldest graves in the cemetery date back to 1555.



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